Hemorrhagic Septicemia – Biological Times

Hemorrhagic Septicemia

Publication Date : 19-07-2023

Author(s) :

Fakiha Asghar, Muhammad Taha Babar, Asad Ali, Muhammed Ali.

Volume/Issue :
Volume 2
Issue 7
(07 - 2023)

Abstract :

Hemorrhagic Septicemia (HS) is a highly contagious bacterial disease affecting cattle, buffalo, and other ruminants. It is caused by Pasteurella (P.) multocida, primarily serotypes B:2 and E:2. It has significant economic importance in regions with endemicity or frequent outbreaks, leading to livestock losses, reduced productivity, treatment costs, and trade restrictions. Prompt diagnosis is crucial, relying on clinical evaluation and laboratory confirmation through culture, blood testing, and PCR assays. Clinical signs include fever, respiratory distress, nasal issue, and submandibular edema. Treatment includes early identification, supportive care, and antibiotic therapy targeting P. multocida. Vaccination plays a key role in its control, using oil-adjuvant killed vaccines or intranasal live attenuated vaccines. Prevention is by implementing biosecurity measures, maintaining sanitation, quarantining and isolating animals, monitoring and surveillance, continuous education, collaboration, and timely reporting. Effective control strategies, along with farmer awareness and cooperation, are vital in managing HS and minimizing its economic impact on the livestock industry.

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