Jaundice: symptoms, causes, and treatments – Biological Times

Jaundice: symptoms, causes, and treatments

Publication Date : 08-07-2024


Author(s) :

Kanwal Tariq, Rao Zahid Abbas , Zohaib Saeed, Amina Hussain, Kashaf.


Volume/Issue :
Volume 3
,
Issue 6
(07 - 2024)



Abstract :

Jaundice is a complicated illness present in multiple animals and humans of almost all genders and ages. In jaundice, there is yellowing of the skin, eyeball, mucus membrane and a significant increase in bilirubin. Bilirubin is a product synthesized by the breakdown of hemoglobin in red blood cells or we can also say that it is the last product of heme metabolism. Jaundice is characterized in various forms which include pre-hepatic jaundice (because of excessive production of bilirubin), hepatic jaundice (because of a decrease in intake or less excretion of bilirubin and defect in conjugation), post-hepatic jaundice (because of hindrance in extrahepatic biliary passages between liver and duodenum). Symptoms of jaundice include fever, headache, nausea, liver problems, weakness, constipation, and yellowing of mucus membranes. The causes of jaundice may be acquired or congenital. High water intake and a low-fat diet can prevent jaundice. A mixture of immunoglobulins, phototherapy, supportive therapy, and interferons treats jaundice.


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