Chlamydial infection in avian and wild birds – Biological Times

Chlamydial infection in avian and wild birds

Publication Date : 09/01/2024

Author(s) :

Muhammad Haidar Farooq Qureshi, Jahanzaib Hassan, Ayan Attique Dar, Adnan Arshad, Asher Waheed, Saleha Tahir.

Volume/Issue :
Volume 2
Issue 12
(01 - 2024)

Abstract :

Avian chlamydiosis is an immensely neglected disease with significant zoonotic potential. The causal agent, Chlamydia psittaci, infects most types of companion animals, birds, livestock, and humans. It has several hidden characteristics and epidemiological features that set it apart from other microbial agents. Recent reports of equine-to-human transfer have frightened public health officials, emphasizing the significance of routine screening for this deadly disease. The presence of the illness in wild birds, poultry and pet birds causes financial damage to the pet bird and poultry industries. Interestingly, there is conjecture that the 'legal' and 'illegal' bird trades may be the worldwide sources of some of the pathogen's most pathogen strains. The bacteria that causes infection lives inside cells, which complicates the diagnosis and makes it difficult to get an exact diagnosis. Only a few pathogens in the Chlamydiaceae family have been reported to be resistant to antibiotics, but systematic screening may be able to determine how things really stand with all pathogens. The pathogen's diversity makes it necessary for the One Health connections to have a thorough grasp of the organism. The current review focuses on the zoonotic aspects of the disease. The review also provides a concise overview of the fundamental concepts and intricate epidemiology of avian chlamydiosis, emphasizing the importance of further study into new one-health perspectives.

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