Ticks and tick Control Strategies with Perspective of One Health – Biological Times

Ticks and tick Control Strategies with Perspective of One Health

Publication Date : 10-02-2024


Author(s) :

Haleema Sadia, Zainish Sahbaz , Imama Nasir, Muhammad Waqas, Muhammad Imran .


Volume/Issue :
Volume 3
,
Issue 2
(02 - 2024)



Abstract :

Ticks are a huge issue for both livestock and people in Pakistan. They can spread a bunch of different diseases, like protozoa, viruses, and even bacteria like spirochetes. Ticks are a major source of pathogens that can be passed on to people and animals. Favourable climatic and environmental conditions increase the production of ticks, but they're mainly found in the summer months (June-September) and goats are more likely to get them than sheep. Babesia, Theileriosis, and CCHF are all tick-borne illnesses that affect people who work with cattle, like slaughterhouses, veterinarians and hospitals. CCHF has been a problem in Pakistan for the past 16 years, with an average of 24% of cases resulting in death. To get rid of ticks and stop the spread of zoonotic diseases, mass tick control campaigns have been put in place in Punjab and Sind. These campaigns use lots of deltamethrin, as well as Ivermection. Tick control methods have been used for decades around the world, but only chemical methods are still used in Pakistan. The effectiveness of each method depends on the number of ticks, their dispersal, their morphology, and the host species. We're using too much of these chemicals to try and get rid of ticks on people and animals. We need to keep coming up with new ways to get rid of ticks, like using tickbot, using bait boxes, finding new vaccines, taking advantage of the natural wildlife, and using natural pesticides. All of these things will help us get rid of the ticks and have a huge impact on reducing the number of them. Modification of habitat, enviornment and integrated pest control techniques are used to control ticks with perspective of one health.


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