An Overview of Fasciolosis: Impact, Life cycle, and Control Measures in Livestock – Biological Times

An Overview of Fasciolosis: Impact, Life cycle, and Control Measures in Livestock

Publication Date : 19/04/2024


Author(s) :

Muhammad Salman, Rao Zahid Abbas, Asghar Abbas.


Volume/Issue :
Volume 3
,
Issue 3
(04 - 2024)



Abstract :

Fasciolosis, caused by the liver fluke Fasciola hepatica, presents a significant threat to livestock, resulting in substantial economic losses within the industry. This parasitic disease affects various animals, including sheep, goats, cattle, and buffalo, and can even pose a risk to humans as a zoonotic disease. The lifecycle of Fasciola hepatica involves complex stages, including transmission through intermediate hosts such as snails. Clinical manifestations range from asymptomatic cases to severe symptoms such as anemia, decreased milk production, and even death. Diagnosis relies on clinical signs, post-mortem examinations, and detection tests such as ELISA. Treatment primarily involves anthelmintic drugs, with Triclabendazole being the drug of choice. Control strategies encompass herd health programs, snail population control, regular deworming, and maintaining proper hygiene. Implementing these measures is crucial for minimizing losses and ensuring the health and productivity of livestock.


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